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International Human Rights Day 2023: (World Human Rights Day) Let us know why Human Rights Day is celebrated and what is its history and importance?
International Human Rights Day: Table of Contents
|Date||International Human Rights Day is observed every year on 10 December.|
|Start||For the first time in the year 1948, 48 countries, together with the United Nations General Assembly, announced to celebrate this day on 10 December every year.|
|Detail||Human Rights Day is celebrated with the aim of making people aware of their rights. Human rights include the basic demands of human beings relating to health, economic, social employment, housing, culture, food and recreation, and the right to education.|
What are human rights?
Human rights are mainly concerned with the basic demands of human beings related to education, health, employment, housing, culture, food and entertainment. Many regions of the world suffer from poverty, which is the biggest obstacle to the achievement of basic human rights for large numbers of people.
Every human being has the right to life, liberty, equality and dignity. The Human Rights Act came into force in India from 28 September 1993. On 12 October 1993, the government constituted the ‘National Human Rights Commission’.
The commission’s purview includes civil and political as well as economic, social and cultural rights, such as child labour, health, food, child marriage, women’s rights, custodial and encounter deaths, minority and scheduled caste tribal rights, etc.
Human rights are the right to life, liberty, equality and dignity of any individual. The Indian Constitution not only guarantees this right but also punishes those who violate it. In short, human rights are the natural rights of every individual.
National Human Rights Commission
The Human Rights Act came into force in India from 28 September 1993. This commission has given its recommendations to the government to protect the human rights of common citizens, children, women, old people in the country. The government has also implemented suitable amendments to the Constitution under various recommendations issued by the NHRC.
When is International Human Rights Day celebrated?
Every year on 10 December, ‘International Human Rights Day’ is celebrated all over the world.
The purpose of this day is to make people aware of human rights and to prevent human rights abuses. ‘Standing up for the rights of others’ was included as a special objective on this day.
Human rights mainly include – International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) and International Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR).
Why is International Human Rights Day celebrated?
Human Rights Day is celebrated with the aim of making people aware of their rights. Human rights include the right to health, economic, social and education. Under human rights, human beings cannot be oppressed or deprived because of caste, nationality and religion etc.
History of International Human Rights Day:
For the first time in the year 1948, it was announced by the United Nations General Assembly to celebrate it every year on 10 December.
It is celebrated on a particular date every year in honor of the United Nations General Assembly declaring it a universal human right.
For the first time in the year 1948, 48 countries together with the United Nations General Assembly celebrated this day.
Human Rights Day was officially established on 04 December 1950 at a meeting of the United Nations General Assembly.
After this, in December 1993, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) announced to celebrate it annually.
How is Human Rights Day celebrated?
The day is celebrated by organizing political conferences, meetings, exhibitions, cultural events, debates and many other events to discuss all the issues of human rights.
Many government citizens and non-governmental organizations actively participate in human rights programs. Many programs are organized with the aim of educating children as well as youth about their human rights.
Some nonviolent activities are organized to make people aware of areas where human rights are not recognized and are violated.
Human rights day 2022 theme
2022 Theme: Dignity, Freedom and Justice for All Every year, Human Rights Day follows a different theme. Previous themes include Equality (2021).
Theme of International Human Rights Day:
- The theme of International Human Rights Day 2020 is- Better Again-Stand up for Human Rights.
- The theme of International Human Rights Day 2019 was- Youth should take steps for human rights.
- The theme of International Human Rights Day 2018 was- Stand up for Human Rights.
- Theme of International Human Rights Day 2017 was- Let’s stand up for equality, justice and human dignity.
- Theme of International Human Rights Day 2016 was- Stand up for one’s rights today.
- Theme of International Human Rights Day 2015- Our rights were always our freedom.
- Theme of International Human Rights Day 2014 was- 20 Years of Transforming Lives through Human Rights.